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小鼠 Acetylcholinesterase 基因ORF全长cDNA克隆(表达载体), N-Myc 标签

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Mouse ACHE cDNA Clone产品信息
NCBI注册码:NM_009599.3
参考序列ORF长度:1844bp
cDNA基因描述:Full length Clone DNA of Mus musculus acetylcholinesterase with N terminal Myc tag.
分子别称:mE1a, mE1b, mE1c, mE1d, mE1e, mE1d', mE1c-long, Ache
分子种属:Mouse
载体:pCMV3-SP-N-Myc
质粒:
限制性酶切位点:
Tag序列:Myc Tag Sequence: GAGCAGAAACTCATCTCAGAAGAGGATCTG
序列信息:
测序引物:T7(TAATACGACTCACTATAGGG) BGH(TAGAAGGCACAGTCGAGG)
启动子:Enhanced CMV mammalian cell promoter
Application:Stable or Transient mammalian expression
抗生素(大肠杆菌):Kanamycin
抗生素(哺乳动物细胞):Hygromycin
运输方式:Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
储存方法:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months.
Myc Tag Info

A myc tag can be used in many different assays that require recognition by an antibody. If there is no antibody against the studied protein, adding a myc-tag allows one to follow the protein with an antibody against the Myc epitope. Examples are cellular localization studies by immunofluorescence or detection by Western blotting.

The peptide sequence of the myc-tag is: N-EQKLISEEDL-C (1202 Da). It can be fused to the C-terminus and the N-terminus of a protein. It is advisable not to fuse the tag directly behind the signal peptide of a secretory protein, since it can interfere with translocation into the secretory pathway.

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研究背景

Acetylcholinesterase, also known as ACHE, is an enzyme that degrades (through its hydrolytic activity) the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, producing choline and an acetate group. Acetylcholinesterase plays a crucial role in nerve impulse transmission at cholinergic synapses by rapid hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh). ACHE appears to be a potential therapeutic target at muscle injuries including organophosphate myopathy. It is an externally oriented membrane-bound enzyme and its main physiological role is termination of chemical transmission at cholinergic synapses and secretory organs by rapid hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh). ACHE plays important roles in the cholinergic system, and its dysregulation is involved in a variety of human diseases. ACHE was significantly down-regulated in the cancerous tissues of 69.2% of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, and the low ACHE expression in HCC was correlated with tumor aggressiveness, an elevated risk of postoperative recurrence, and a low survival rate. Both the recombinant ACHE protein and the enhanced expression of ACHE significantly inhibited HCC cell growth in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo. ACHE as a tumor growth suppressor in regulating cell proliferation, the relevant signaling pathways, and the drug sensitivity of HCC cells. Thus, ACHE is a promising independent prognostic predictor for HCC recurrence and the survival of HCC patients. ACHE is responsible for the hydrolysis of acetylcholine in the nervous system. It is inhibited by organophosphate and carbamate pesticides. However, this enzyme is only slightly inhibited by organophosphorothionates.

参考资料
  • Zhao Y, et al. (2011) Acetylcholinesterase, a key prognostic predictor for hepatocellular carcinoma, suppresses cell growth and induces chemosensitization. Hepatology. 53(2): 493-503.
  • Roepcke CB, et al. (2010) Analysis of phosphorothionate pesticides using a chloroperoxidase pretreatment and acetylcholinesterase biosensor detection. J Agric Food Chem. 58(15): 8748-56.
  • Zaheer-ul-Haq, et al. (2010) Benchmarking docking and scoring protocol for the identification of potential acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. J Mol Graph Model. 28(8): 870-82.
  • Pegan K, et al. (2010) Acetylcholinesterase is involved in apoptosis in the precursors of human muscle regeneration. Chem Biol Interact. 187(1-3): 96-100.
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