BACE1 (蛋白 | 抗体 | cDNA 克隆 | ELISA 试剂盒)

All BACE1 reagents are produced in house and quality controlled, including 9 BACE1 Antibody, 26 BACE1 Gene, 4 BACE1 Lysate, 4 BACE1 Protein, 2 BACE1 qPCR. All BACE1 reagents are ready to use.

BACE1 分子背景

Beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is an aspartic-acid protease important in the formation of myelin sheaths in peripheral nerve cells. In the brain, This protein is expressed highly in the substantia nigra, locus coruleus and medulla oblongata. Strong BACE1 expression has also been described in pancreatic tissue. BACE1 has a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. In Alzheimer's disease patients, BACE1 levels were elevated although mRNA levels were not changed. It has been found that BACE1 gene expression is controlled by a TATA-less promoter. The translational repression as a new mechanism controlling its expression. And the low concentrations of Ca(2+) (microM range) significantly increased the proteolytic activity of BACE1. Furthermore, BACE1 protein is ubiquitinated, and the degradation of BACE1 proteins and amyloid precursor protein processing are regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. It has also been identified as the rate limiting enzyme for amyloid-beta-peptide (Abeta) production.

BACE1 参考文献

  • Christensen MA, et al. (2004) Transcriptional regulation of BACE1, the beta-amyloid precursor protein beta-secretase, by Sp1. Mol Cell Biol. 24(2):865-74.
  • Stockley JH, et al. (2007) The proteins BACE1 and BACE2 and beta-secretase activity in normal and Alzheimer's disease brain. Biochem Soc Trans. 35(Pt 3): 574-6.
  • Savonenko AV, et al. (2008) Alteration of BACE1-dependent NRG1/ErbB4 signaling and schizophrenia-like phenotypes in BACE1-null mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 105(14): 5585-90.
  • Hayley M, et al. (2009) Calcium enhances the proteolytic activity of BACE1: An in vitro biophysical and biochemical characterization of the BACE1-calcium interaction. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1788(9): 1933-8.