EDEM2, also known as C2orf31, belongs to a family of proteins involved in ER-associated degradation (ERAD) of glycoproteins. In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), misfolded proteins are retrotranslocated to the cytosol and degraded by the proteasome. Early in this pathway, a proposed lumenal ER lectin, EDEM, recognizes misfolded glycoproteins in the ER, disengages the nascent molecules from the folding pathway, and facilitates their targeting for disposal. In humans there are a total of three EDEM homologs. The amino acid sequences of these proteins are different from other lectins but are closely related to the Class I mannosidases (family 47 glycosidases). EDEM2 is one of the EDEM homologs. Overexpression of EDEM2 accelerates the degradation of misfolded alpha1-antitrypsin, indicating that the protein is involved in ERAD.