Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase / phosphodiesterase family member 7, also known as Alkaline sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase, Intestinal alkaline sphingomyelinase, Alk-Smase, ENPP7 and NPP-7, is a single-pass type I membrane protein which belongs to thenucleotide pyrophosphatase / phosphodiesterase family. ENPP7 / NPP-7 is expressed in the intestines and human bile. ENPP7 / NPP-7 is localized at the surface of the microvillar membrane in small intestine enterocytes, as well as in endosome-like structures and in Golgi complex. The main function of ENPP7 / NPP-7 is to convert the dietary sphingomyelin into ceramide, the sphingolipid messengers via hydrolyzation. ENPP7 / NPP-7 is also reported to exert a phospholipase C activity toward palmitoyl lyso-phosphocholine. The activity of this enzyme is inhibited in a dose dependent manner by ATP, imidazole, orthovanadate and zinc ion. Further, It has been shown in studies that decreased levels of ENPP7 / NPP-7 may be associated with human colon cancer.