FAM3B (蛋白 | 抗体 | cDNA 克隆 | ELISA 试剂盒)

All FAM3B reagents are produced in house and quality controlled, including 1 FAM3B Antibody, 13 FAM3B Gene, 1 FAM3B Lysate, 1 FAM3B Protein, 1 FAM3B qPCR. All FAM3B reagents are ready to use.

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FAM3B 分子背景

Pancreatic derived factor, also known as FAM3B, is an islet-specific secreted cytokine specifically expressed at high levels in the islets of Langerhans of the endocrine pancreas. FAM3B protein is present in alpha- and beta- cells of pancreatic islets, insulin-secreting beta-TC3 cells, and glucagon-secreting alpha-TC cells. FAM3B causes apoptosis of beta-cells as assessed by electron microscopy, annexin Ⅴ fluorescent staining, and flow-cytometric terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling assay. FAM3B activated caspase-3 while not affect cytosolic Ca2+ levels or nitric oxide levels. Hense, FAM3B may have a role in the process of pancreatic?-cell apoptosis of primary islet and cell lines. FAM3B secretion is regulated by glucose and other insulin secretagogues. This islet-specific secreted cytokine is secreted from both pancreatic alpha- and beta- cells. Glucose stimulates FAM3B secretion dose dependently in beta- cell lines and primary islets but not in alpha-cells. It is likely cosecreted with insulin via the same regulatory mechanisms and structure and conformation is vital for FAM3B secretion.

FAM3B 参考文献

  • Cao X, et al. (2003) Pancreatic-derived factor (FAM3B), a novel islet cytokine, induces apoptosis of insulin-secreting beta-cells. Diabetes. 52(9): 2296-303.
  • Yang J, et al. (2005) Mechanisms of glucose-induced secretion of pancreatic-derived factor (PANDER or FAM3B) in pancreatic beta-cells. Diabetes. 54(11): 3217-28.
  • Xu W, et al. (2005) Interferon-gamma-induced regulation of the pancreatic derived cytokine FAM3B in islets and insulin-secreting betaTC3 cells. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 240(1-2): 74-81.