Recombinant Human CD14 Protein (Catalog#10073-H08H)
This antibody was obtained from a rabbit immunized with purified, recombinant Human CD14 (rh CD14; Catalog#10073-H08H; NP_000582.1; Met1-Met344) and conjugated with PerCP under optimum conditions, the unreacted PerCP was removed.
Monoclonal Rabbit IgG Clone #002
Aqueous solution containing 0.5% BSA and 0.09% sodium azide
10 μl/Test, 0.1 mg/ml
This antibody is shipped as liquid solution at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
This antibody can be stored at 2℃-8℃ for twelve months without detectable loss of activity. Protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze ! Sodium azide is toxic to cells and should be disposed of properly. Flush with large volumes of water during disposal.
Flow cytometric analysis of Human CD14 expression on human whole blood monocytes. Cells were stained with PerCP-conjugated anti-Human CD14. The fluorescence histograms were derived from gated events with the forward and side light-scatter characteristics of viable monocytes.
The cluster of differentiation (CD) system is commonly used as cell markers in immunophenotyping. Different kinds of cells in the immune system can be identified through the surface CD molecules associating with the immune function of the cell. There are more than 320 CD unique clusters and subclusters have been identified. Some of the CD molecules serve as receptors or ligands important to the cell through initiating a signal cascade which then alter the behavior of the cell. Some CD proteins do not take part in cell signal process but have other functions such as cell adhesion. Cluster of differentiation 14 (CD14) is a member of the CD system. It takes its name from its inclusion in the CD molecule surface marker proteins. CD14 exists in two forms: a form anchored into the membrane or a soluble form. CD14 was found expressed in macrophages, neutrophil granulocyte and dendritic cells. The major function is to serve as a co-receptor (along with TLR4 and MD-2) for the bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and other pathogen-associated molecular patterns.
NF-kB (NFkB) Pathway
Zola H, et al. (2007) CD molecules 2006-human cell differentiation molecules. J Immunol Methods. 318 (1-2): 1-5.
Ho IC, et al. (2009) GATA3 and the T-cell lineage: essential functions before and after T-helper-2-cell differentiation. Nat Rev Immunol. 9 (2): 125-35.
Matesanz-Isabel J, et al. (2011) New B-cell CD molecules. Immunology Letters.134 (2): 104-12.
SD Wright, et al. (1990) CD14, a receptor for complexes of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and LPS binding protein. Science. 249 (4975): 1431-3.