INS (Insulin) is a Protein Coding gene. This gene encodes insulin, a peptide hormone that plays a vital role in the regulation of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. After removal of the precursor signal peptide, proinsulin is post-translationally cleaved into three peptides: the B chain and A chain peptides, which are covalently linked via two disulfide bonds to form insulin, and C-peptide. The binding of insulin to the insulin receptor (INSR) stimulates glucose uptake. Diseases associated with INS include Hyperproinsulinemia and Maturity-Onset Diabetes Of The Young, Type 10. A multitude of mutant alleles with phenotypic effects has been identified, including insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus, maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 10, and hyperproinsulinemia.