SUB1 belongs to the transcriptional coactivator PC4 family. It is a general coactivator that functions cooperatively with TAFs and mediates functional interactions between upstream activators and the general transcriptional machinery. SUB1 binds single-stranded DNA. Single-stranded DNA-binding proteins play many roles in nucleic acid metabolism, but their importance during transcription remains unclear. SUB1 exhibits strong genetic interactions with factors necessary for promoter melting. It localizes near the transcription bubble in vitro and binds to promoters in vivo dependent upon preinitiation complexes assembly. SUB1 interacts with the nontemplate strand of RNApII complexes during initiation. It may also be involved in stabilizing the multiprotein transcription complex.