WNT2 gene on human chromosome 7q31 is a paralog of the WNT2B gene on human chromosome 1p13. Rat Wnt2 gene was identified within the rat genome draft sequence AC095247.4. Human WNT2 showed 96.4% total-amino-acid identity with rat Wnt2, 96.1% with mouse Wnt2, 68.6% with zebrafish wnt2, and 67.8% with fugu wnt2. WNT2 is an evolutionarily conserved secreted-type glycoprotein belonging to the WNT family. WNT2 mRNA is expressed in human fetal lung and placenta, but almost undetectable in the normal gastrointestinal tract. WNT2 acts as a pro-angiogenic factor in placental vascularization and increases angiogenesis in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (ECs) and other ECs. Increased WNT2 expression is detectable in many carcinomas and participates in tumor progression. In human colorectal cancer (CRC), WNT2 is selectively elevated in cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), leading to increased invasion and metastasis.