Mouse Cathepsin L HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: 产品信息
This Mouse Cathepsin L overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of Cathepsin L protein (Cat: 50015-M08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the mouse CTSL (P06797) (Met 1-Asn 334) was expressed, with a C-terminal polyhistidine tag.
The secreted recombinant mouse CTSL (pro form) consists of 328 amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 37.3 kDa. The recombinant protein migrates as several bands probably including the pro form, mature form, the pro peptide and the cleaved heavy chain in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Mouse Cathepsin L HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: 使用指南
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Cathepsin L is a lysosomal cysteine protease that plays a major role in intracellular protein catabolism, and is potent in degrading collagen, laminin, elastin, as well as alpha-1 protease inhibitor and other structural proteins of basement membranes. It is secreted by liver flukes at all stages of their development in the mammalian host, are believed to play important roles in facilitating parasite migration (tissue degradation), feeding and immuno-evasion. Like many proteases, Cathepsin L is synthesized as an inactive preproenzyme, and cleavage of the 96-residue proregion is necessary to generate the fully active 221-residue mature enzyme. Studies have demonstrated that cleavage of the proregion occur autocatalytically under acidic conditions. The enzyme takes part in nutrient acquisition by catabolizing host proteins to absorbable peptides, facilitates the migration of the parasite through the host intestine and liver by cleaving interstitial matrix proteins such as fibronectin, laminin and native collagen and is implicated in the inactivation of host immune defenses by cleaving immunoglobulins. Recently, Cathepsin L has been shown to suppress Th1 immune response in infected laboratory animals making them susceptible to concurrent bacterial infections. Cathepsin L is synthesized in large amounts and secreted by many malignantly transformed cells, and induced by growth factors and tumor promoters. In addition to its role in protein degradation, evidence has accumulated for the participation of Cathepsin L in various physiological and pathological processes, such as tumor invasion and metastasis, bone resorption, spermatogenesis, and arthritis. Accordingly, Cathepsin L may prove useful as a diagnostic or prognostic marker of human tumor malignancy.
Mulcahy G, et al. (2001) Cathepsin L proteinases as vaccines against infection with Fasciola hepatica (liver fluke) in ruminants. Res Vet Sci. 70(1): 83-6.
Dixit AK, et al. (2008) Immunodiagnostic/protective role of cathepsin L cysteine proteinases secreted by Fasciola species. Vet Parasitol. 154(3-4): 177-84.
Leto G, et al. (2010) Cathepsin L in metastatic bone disease: therapeutic implications. Biol Chem. 391(6): 655-64.