This Mouse Ephrin A5 overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of Ephrin A5 protein (Cat: 50597-M08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the mouse EFNA5 isoform long (O08543-1) without the pro peptide (Met 1-Asn 203) was expressed, with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
The recombinant mouse EFNA5 consists of 194 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 22.6 kDa. In SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, the apparent molecular mass of rmEFNA5 is approximately 28 kDa due to glycosylation.
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Ephrin-A5 also known as EFNA5, is a member of the Ephrin family. The Eph family receptor interacting proteins (ephrins) are a family of proteins that serve as the ligands of the Eph receptor, which compose the largest known subfamily of receptor protein-tyrosine kinases (RTKs). Ephrin subclasses are further distinguished by their mode of attachment to the plasma membrane: ephrin-A ligands bind EphA receptors and are anchored to the plasma membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) linkage, whereas ephrin-B ligands bind EphB receptors and are anchored via a transmembrane domain. Ephrin-A5/EFNA5 may function actively to stimulate axon fasciculation. The interaction of EFNA5 with EPHA5 also mediates communication between pancreatic islet cells to regulate glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Ephrin-A5/EFNA5 also serves as a cognate/functional ligand for EPHA7, their interaction regulates brain development modulating cell-cell adhesion and repulsion.
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