This Mouse TIGIT overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of TIGIT protein (Cat: 50939-M02H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the mouse TIGIT (PP86176) (Met1-Gly141) was expressed, fused with the Fc region of human IgG1 at the C-terminus.
The recombinant mouse TIGIT /Fc is a disulfide-linked homodimer. The reduced monomer comprises 357 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 39.8 kDa. The apparent molecular mass of the protein is approximately 52 kDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions due to glycosylation.
Mouse TIGIT HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: 使用指南
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
TIGIT, also known as V-set and transmembrane domain-containing protein 3 (VSTM3) or V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing protein 9 (VSIG9) is a new surface protein containing an immunoglobulin variable domain, a transmembrane domain and an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM). TIGIT is expressed on regulatory, memory, activated T cells and NK cells. It binds PVR with high affinity, and PVRL2 with lower affinity, but not PVRL3. Knockdown of TIGIT with siRNA in human memory T cells did not affect T cell responses, however, TIGIT inhibits NK cytotoxicity directly through its ITIM. TIGIT suppresses T cell activation by promoting the generation of mature immunoregulatory dendritic cells. The binding of PVR to TIGIT on human dendritic cells enhanced the production of IL-1 and diminished the production of IL-12p4. Also, TIGIT counter inhibits the NK-mediated killing of tumor cells and protects normal cells from NK-mediated cytotoxicity thus providing an "alternative self" mechanism for MHC class I inhibition.