Immunotherapy: Other information

Immunotherapy: Background

Immunotherapy has been regarded as the most exciting development in cancer treatment for a long time after years of scientific research and clinical trails. What is immunotherapy? Immunotherapy is a treatment that is designed to harness the ability of the body's immune system to combat infection or disease, such as cancer, allergy and autoimmune disease. Vaccines, monoclonal antibodies, cytokines are the representative types of immunotherapy treatments. Recently immune checkpoints and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell have drawn attention from scientists with numerous clinical success.
Depending on the type of treatment, various side effects can arise as a result of using immunotherapy. Side effects include flu-like symptoms, muscle aches, fever, appetite loss, weakness, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. A rash may develop and some people bruise or bleed easily. These side effects are generally short-term, but patients may need to stay in hospital if they develop severe problems.

Immunotherapy: Reference

Immunotherapies definition. Retrieved 2009-06-02.
Jeffrey S. Weber et al. Toxicities of Immunotherapy for the Practitioner. American Society of Clinical Oncology. 2015, 33(18): 2092-2099.
Mellman I et al. Cancer immunotherapy comes of age. Nature, 2011, 480(7378): 480-489.